Are you wine lovers and do you have your bottles in plain sight in some corner of the living room? Did you get a nice bottle of wine as a gift and put it in the usual shelf near the kitchen stove? 


Unfortunately you are in good company because these are the most common mistakes of wine consumers. Let's take a look at some simple steps you can take to maximize the duration and optimize the evolution of your wine bottles.


  1. TEMPERATURE - The wine should be stored in an environment with a constant temperature between 10 and 18 degrees.
    The heat is the worst enemy of wine, so absolutely avoid placing your bottles near any heat sources. High temperatures help accelerate the evolution of wine, while low temperatures slow it down

  2. POSITION - The bottles must be stored in a horizontal position to ensure that the cork always remains in contact with the wine that keeps it moist and adherent to the neck of the bottle. In this way you will prevent the cork from drying out and the air from coming into contact with the wine, accelerating its evolution.
    This is not necessary in the case of synthetic corks. In the case of long aging wines, we recommend bringing the bottle back upright at least a few hours before consuming it, so as to deposit any sediments on the bottom.

  3. HUMIDITY -  The conservation environment should have a humidity level that is as constant as possible and between 60% and 80% (you can buy a common hygrometer on Amazon for around € 10 (https://www.amazon.it/s?k=igrometro). In a too dry place the cork will tend to shrink, letting the air come into contact with the wine. On the contrary, too much humidity could cause molds to develop on the corks, compromising the quality of the wine, as well as staining and damaging the labels (easily safeguarded by wrapping the bottle with a layer of kitchen film).

  4. LIGHT - Store the wine in a dark environment. Light, natural or artificial, can trigger oxidative processes and cause the alteration of wine. This is why most bottles have a dark green color..

  5. SMELLS - Avoid storing wine in an environment with strong smells. The wine, through the cork, absorbs smells and risks being contaminated by the presence of paints, solvents, meats and cheeses.


Now that we know the basic rules of wine conservation, let's see what are the solutions available to us:


  • Buy a small wine fridge 
    Of course, so far we are all good. There are many solutions on the market, of various budgets and sizes, some with different zones with different temperatures, allowing both white and red wines to be kept at the same time.

  • Store the wine in the basement/garage
    The classic underground basement of our buildings adapt very well to the preservation of our bottles. Usually they are unheated rooms, at a constant temperature, with a high level of humidity and often dark. Attention, however, to the previous point 5.

  • Adopt the previous tricks at home 
    Apart from point 1, you will be able to follow the other rules at home without problems. Probably the temperature that you will have for most of the year will be between 20 and 24 degrees and will not affect the "health" of your wines but will certainly contribute to accelerating their evolution. Keep in mind though, that your dear long aging bottles that usually last even 10 or 20 years, in your home will probably live less than half.
    If, on the other hand, you do not have air conditioning and your home exceeds 30 degrees in the summer ... well, put your mind at ease and let one best-equipped friends keep your most precious bottles.


If you want to learn more, you can read the results of a scientific research that shows that wine in the home "ages" four times faster: "The influence of storage on the “chemical age” of red wines" Link